57 different citrus for Canadian gardeners including cultivars that are hardy and potentially hardy in coastal BC!
We are excited to offer our largest selection of citrus ever and likely one of the largest ever offered in Canada. Citrus are a relatively easy-to-grow and rewarding group of plants that can be grown by all Canadians as long as you have a a sunny outdoor spot for summer and a good, bright place indoors for the winter. Beyond classic favourites like Meyer lemons, navel oranges, blood oranges, key limes, and Thai limes, we also have a number of cultivars on mandarins, kumquats, yuzu, and sudachi that are completely hardy in zones 7 and 8. They can be grown outdoors year round in coastal BC in protected microclimates. There are also some new citrus that we think could be potentially hardy. Without further ado, you’ll want to start perusing our selection and making your choices. Please let all of your friends know so we can keep presenting a wider and wider selection each year.
Meet the Hardy Citrus
‘Owari’ is a satsuma mandarin orange that is hardy outdoors in coastal BC! Plants form lush, tropical-looking, evergreen shrubs to 5-8 ft tall, bloom with white, incredibly fragrant flowers, and produce excellent crops of sweet, juicy, seedless fruit just like you buy in boxes at the supermarket but these you can pick off your very own tree at Christmas time with crops ripening from early December into February!
This is a picture of Phoenican Larry’s ‘Owari’ satsuma in his garden in Richmond, BC taken in early December 2015. Fruit are still showing a little green but will continue to turn completely orange by Christmas.
A shot of Larry’s tree in Richmond, BC taken in early December 2015 with some supplemental lighting. His tree is planted in the middle of the garden on the outside south facing wall of his greenhouse. This location will be a warmer microclimate in his garden but the plant is still exposed to the full brunt of winter cold snaps and shrugs them off.
Yuzu Ichandrin – Yuzu is prized in Japan for flavoring, juice and preserves producing abundant, easy-to-peel, 3 inch diametre fruit with tasty, lemon-lime flavour. It has also become a hot item for foodies in North America. This Citrus is super hardy to about minus 18 degrees Celsius and can be easily grown outdoors in coastal BC year round. Zone 7.
Sudachi – Sudachi is a cross of a mandarin orange and yuzu. Sudachi, like yuzu, is prized in Japan for culinary pursuits. The unique, spicy juice is used to flavour soups, sauces (including ponzu), fish dishes, ice cream, and other desserts. The fruit is golf ball sized and is usually picked green when the flavour is more pronounced but can also be harvested once fruit changes to orange-yellow. Higher in vitamin C than lemons. Perfectly hardy in coastal BC down to zone 7!
‘Nagami’ Kumquat – Kumquats are not well known in North America yet they are a citrus forming delicious, small, egg-shaped fruits 1-2 inches long that have a thin rind and are eaten whole, skin and all. The rind has a sweet/tart flavour and the flesh is sweet giving an overall refreshing and thirst quenching experience. The ‘Nagami’ kumquat is hardy to zone 8 and can be grown year round in coastal BC. It produces large crops, is very ornamental, and can be allowed to grow as an open shrub or trimmed to keep tight, even as a hedge in protected locations.
‘Centennial’ Variegated Kumquat – A variegated sport of the ‘Nagami’ kumquat. Eat the orange and green striped fruits peel and all. Should be hardy in coastal BC to zone 8 though, due to being variegated, it won’t likely have quite the same hardiness as ‘Nagami’.
‘Nordmann’ Seedless ‘Nagami’ Kumquat – Kumquats are eaten peel and all for a sweet-tart combo. Heavy producer of small, seedless oblong fruits. Hardy in coastal BC. Zone 8.
AND we are watching relatively new players that are potentially hardy in coastal BC: a mandarin ‘Gold Nugget’ and the orangequat ‘Nippon’.
Explore our Full List of Citrus
In addition to the hardy cultivars, we have a full range of classics and rare cultivars for your citric pleasure. Here is our full selection of citrus for 2020:
AUSTRALIAN FINGER LIME – Microcitrus australasica – Foodies take note! Dark purple fruits hold green “citrus caviar” – juicy capsules bursting with lemon-lime flavour. Zone 10.
BERGAMOT – Citrus bergamia – Tea lovers take note! The rind is famed as the flavouring for Earl Grey tea. Zone 9.
CALAMONDIN – Citrofortunella mitis ‘Variegata’ – Known as calamondin, calamansi, or Philippine lime, this heavy-fruiting hybrid is most often used as an ornamental in North America. But amongst Filipinos this is a beloved fruit used throughout their cuisine in fish, chicken, and pork dishes, with spring rolls and dumplings, and in beverages, marmalades, and desserts. This is the variegated form. Zone 10.
CALAMONDIN – Citrofortunella mitis – Known as calamondin, calamansi, or Philippine lime, this heavy-fruiting hybrid is most often used as an ornamental in North America. But amongst Filipinos this is a beloved fruit used throughout their cuisine in fish, chicken, and pork dishes, with spring rolls and dumplings, and in beverages, marmalades, and desserts. Zone 10.
CITRON – Citrus medica ‘Assads’ (Kosher Etrog) – Fragrant lemon-like fruit with thick peel is used for the Jewish Feast of the Tabernacles (Sukhot). ‘Assads’ is a selection from Morocco dating back at least 2000 years. Our plants have been grown only from own-root cuttings or seed for 2000 years and so are Kosher. Zone 9.
CITRON – Citrus medica ‘Etrog’ – Fragrant lemon-like fruit with thick peel is used for the Jewish Feast of the Tabernacles (Sukhot). Grafted plants so not Kosher. Zone 9.
CITRON – Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis ‘Buddha’s Hand’ – A striking oddity like a lemon with fingers. Use the rind like orange peel as a flavouring. Zone 9.
GRAPEFRUIT – Citrus ‘Cocktail’ – Very juicy, bright yellow fruit. Sweet-tart flavour. Actually a hybrid of a pummelo and a mandarin but most similar to a grapefruit. Zone 9.
GRAPEFRUIT – Citrus paradisi ‘Oroblanco’ – Sweet, seedless fruits produced even without heat in cool summer climates. Large, intensely fragrant flowers. Zone 9.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Centennial’ – POSSIBLY HARDY. Variegated version of the ‘Nagami’ kumquat. Eat the yellow and green striped fruits peel and all. Potentially hardy in coastal BC. Zone 8-9?
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Marumi’ – Similar to the ‘Nagami’ except with much smaller leaves and more round shaped fruit. The peel is also slightly thinner and sweeter. Diminutive and highly ornamental, the Marumi is rarely found outside of China and Japan. Zone 9.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Meiwa’ – Fruit is more round than ‘Nagami’, with a bit more sweetness. Good candied or in marmalade. Produces best in hotter microclimates. Zone 9.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Nagami’ – HARDY. Kumquats are eaten peel and all for a sweet-tart combo. Heavy producer of small oblong fruits. Hardy in coastal BC. Zone 8.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Nordmann’ Seedless ‘Nagami’ – HARDY. Kumquats are eaten peel and all for a sweet-tart combo. Heavy producer of small, seedless oblong fruits. Hardy in coastal BC. Zone 8.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella obovata ‘Fukushu’ (Changshou) – Considered by some to be the best of the kumquats for eating with large fruit with great tart/sweet contrast in flavour. Lovely rounded leaves.
LEMON – Citrus limetta ‘Pomona’ Sweet Lemon – Eureka-type but with less thorns. Sweet, juicy fruits with low acid. Potentially hardy in coastal BC having survived freezes to -9 C. Zone 8b-9a?
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Genoa’ – Similar to the familiar ‘Eureka’ lemon but hardier. An Italian cultivar with vigorous, compact growth perfect for container culture, great production, and good cold tolerance. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Lisbon’ – Fruit quite similar to ‘Eureka’. Thornier, dense foliage. Good year-round producer. Somewhat more resistant to cold than ‘Eureka’ once established. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Santa Teresa’ Feminello – The most popular of Italian lemons. Highly productive with medium sized fruit with a characteristic nipple at the end. High acid content perfect for making limoncello. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Variegated Pink’ (Eureka) – Distinctive green and yellow variegated foliage and fruit are highly ornamental. Lemons have pink flesh, clear juice and acidic lemon flavour. Fuchsia coloured new growth and flower buds. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Villafranca’ – Classic, tart lemon flavour with good crops. Said to have been introduced from Sicily around 1875, this variety combines characteristics of both ‘Lisbon’ and ‘Eureka’. Fruit are virtually indistinguishable from ‘Eureka’, but winter harvest season corresponds more nearly to ‘Lisbon’. Tree shape is similar to ‘Lisbon’, but less upright, not as thorny, and with less dense foliage. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus New Zealand ‘Lemonade’ – Mixologists take note! A sweet, juicy lemon hybrid with a distinct flavour of lemonade! Black branches. (C. limon x C. reticulata) Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus x meyeri ‘Improved Meyer’ – One of the easiest and most popular citrus to grow. Can bloom and fruit year-round. Deep yellow lemons are very juicy and less acidic than regular lemons with nice sweetness. A hybrid cross of C. limon (lemon) and C. reticulata (mandarin orange). Zone 9.
LIME – Citrus aurantifolia ‘Mexican Key Lime’ – The classic flavouring for key lime pie. Aromatic, flavourful, greenish-yellow fruit. Easy to grow. Can produce year-round. Zone 10.
LIME – Citrus hystrix Kieffer/Makrut Thai Lime – Foodies take note! Very fragrant leaves and bumpy fruit are both used in Asian cooking. This tree will revolutionize your stir fries and curries especially Thai, Lao, Cambodian, Vietnamese, Indonesia, Burmese, Malaysian, and South Indian dishes. Zone 10.
LIME – Citrus latifolia ‘Bearss Lime’ – Large limes almost as big as a lemon, seedless, very juicy. Zone 9.
LIME – Citrus latifolia ‘Tahitian’ – A nearly seedless lime with thin skin, good juiciness and acidity and true lime flavour producing good crops. Zone 9.
LIME – Citrus limettioides ‘Palestinian Sweet Lime’ – Round, medium-sized juicy yellow fruit. Has less sugar and acid than the Bearss Lime. Similar to sweet limes from Mexico, which also originated from the Mediterranean. With its mild flavor and few seeds, it makes a refreshing, cooling drink. Zone 9.
LIME – Citrus x limonia ‘Rangpur’ Red Lime – Tart reddish orange fruit is used like lime although it is a sour Mandarin from India from a cross of a mandarin and a lemon often called a Rangpur lime or a red lime. The overlap of prolific fruit and purple tinged blooms make this a wonderful ornamental tree. Popular in mixed drinks or simply sliced for iced tea. Zone 9.
LIMEQUAT – Citrofortunella ‘Eustis’ – This hybrid of a lime and a kumquat has prolific crops of flavourful, oblong, lime-like fruit on lovely ornamental plants. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Dancy’ – The best known tangerine ripening in winter and popular at Chinese New Year. Easy to peel, thin-skinned, sweet, juicy fruit. Fine foliage and nice, upright habit. Some cold tolerance. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Gold Nugget’ – POSSIBLY HARDY. Fruit is seedless, richly flavoured and easy to peel. Remarkably frost tolerant trees begin bearing in March. Unlike many other mandarins, fruit holds well on the tree through summer. Said to be one of the best tasting mandarins in the world. Zone 8b/9.
MANDARIN – Citrus unshiu ‘China Satsuma S-2’ – Nice round, sweet, easy-to-peel fruit and good cold hardiness. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Kishu’ – An excellent seedless cultivar with small, golf ball-size fruit with thin, very easy-to-peel skin, and a delicious, complex, sweet-tart, juicy flesh. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Kuno Wase’ – Abundant early-ripening crops of sweet, thin skinned, easy to peel, bright orange fruit that are great for fresh eating. Good cold tolerance. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘USDA 88-2’ (Lee x Nova) – An early season seedless mandarin with small to medium size, rich, juicy, and tasty fruit. Easy to peel. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Pixie’ – Small, sweet, seedless mandarins are easy to peel. Requires less heat to ripen than other varieties. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Shasta Gold’ – A hybrid involved three different mandarins: ‘Temple Tangor’, ‘Dancy’, and ‘Encore’. Large, dark orange, sweet, juicy, seedless fruit with thin, easy to peel skin. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus unshiu ‘Owari’ – HARDY in coastal BC. Harvest great crops of very sweet satsuma mandarins from Dec-Feb. Zone 8.
MANDARINQUAT – Citrofortunella ‘Indio’ – A kumquat-mandarin hybrid with large, pear-shaped fruit with sweet peel and tart flesh eaten together for a cool taste sensation. Zone 9.
NAVEL ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Cara Cara’ – ‘Cara Cara’ is a navel orange with sweet, reddish pink flesh. Zone 9.
NAVEL ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Fukumoto’ – Early ripening navel orange with reddish-orange skin and sweet, juicy flavour. Less vigorous, compact growth so good for containers. Zone 9.
NAVEL ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Washington’ – California’s famous winter-ripening navel orange perfect for orange juice and fresh eating. Sweet, seedless fruit ripens in ten months. A great variety for indoor growing. Zone 9.
SWEET ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Trovita’ – A versatile grower and heavy producer of sweet, juicy oranges with few seeds and thin skin. Zone 9.
VALENCIA ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Midknight Valencia’ – A seedless version of the Valencia orange, one of the classics for orange juice and fresh eating. Summer ripening. Zone 9.
BLOOD ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Bream Tarocco’ – Largest of the blood oranges. Deep orange skin, deep red flesh, few seeds. Sweet and tart. Zone 9.
BLOOD ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Moro’ – Deep red colouration, almost purple-red. Very productive, early maturity, distinctive aroma, exotic berry-like flavour. Zone 9.
BLOOD ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Vaniglia Sanguigno’ – An unusual acidless blood orange with aromatic hints of vanilla and reddish-pink flesh. Zone 9.
SOUR ORANGE – Citrus aurantium ‘Bouquet de Fleurs’ – An ornamental valued for its massive clusters of intensely fragrant blossoms, attractive dark orange fruit and shiny foliage. Can be used as a shrub or hedge, or in containers for an attractive and fragrant accent plant. Upright foliage with closely spaced rounded leaves is reminiscent of a bouquet. Use fruit for marmalade. More cold hardy than normal oranges. Zone 9.
SOUR ORANGE – Citrus aurantium ‘Seville’ – Tart fruit perfect for marmalade and juice. Tons of fragrant flowers, beautiful dark green foliage. More cold hardy than normal oranges. Zone 9.
SOUR ORANGE – Citrus myrtifolia ‘Chinotto’ – Dense foliage, profuse fragrant flowers, bright orange fruit used for candying, marmalades or juice. Zone 9.
ORANGEQUAT – Citrus ‘Nippon’ – POSSIBLY HARDY. A hybrid between the hardy mandarin (C. unshiu) and the ‘Meiwa’ kumquat (Fortunella japonica) with medium-sized, mildly-flavoured to sour, slightly acidic fruit with a thick, red-orange, edible rind. Fruit can be eaten whole, skin and all or in marmalades or candied. Zone 8.
TANGELO – Citrus x tangelo ‘Minneola’ – A mandarin-grapefruit hybrid that produces deep reddish-orange, bell-shaped fruit in winter with a rich tangerine-like flavour, especially if fruit are left to hang and fully ripen. Zone 9.
TANGELO – Citrus x tangelo ‘Wekiwa’ – Abundant, large, delicious fruits, sweet with a hint of tart. Fresh eating or juice. Zone 9.
YUZU – Citrus junos (Yuzu Ichandrin) – HARDY. Foodies take note! Prized in Japan for flavouring dishes and desserts, for juice and for preserves. Abundant crops of 3″ fruits with a tasty, lemon-lime flavour. Hardy in coastal BC potentially to -18 C. Zone 7.
SUDACHI (HYBRID YUZU) – Citrus sudachi (Sudachi Ichandrin) – HARDY. Foodies take note! A cross between a mandarin and yuzu prized in Japan and Peru to flavour soups, fish dishes, desserts, and ponzu sauce. Hardy in coastal BC. Zone 7.
Important Info and Instructions
Once you have made your selections, click the Order Now button to place your order. The citrus are available in different sizes though not all citrus are available in all sizes. What you see is what will be available in 2020. Please note that the weakening of the Canadian dollar due to current world events is putting strain on our pricing. All Citrus purchased through this pre-order will remain at the original prices listed when the pre-order was launched in November. However, the extra Citrus available at the nursery and bought “In Store” outside of this pre-order will have new prices due to the less advantageous exchange rate. So get your orders in now through the pre-order! The sizes (from smallest to largest) and pre-order prices are:
One gallon – Young plants that are usually about 1 foot high with some branching beginning. Pre-Order Price: $39.99. In Store Price: $41.99.
Band Pots – These are tall, square pots 4″x4″x9″ in size. Plants tend to be 1-2 feet tall with good branching. Pre-Order Price: $51.99 (Two patented varieties are $57.99.). In Store Price: $54.99 and $59.99.
Three gallon – Established plants are usually 2 feet tall or more with excellent branching. Pre-Order Price: $69.99. In Store Price: $71.99.
All sizes are capable of flowering and fruiting, though the larger sizes will produce more flowers and fruit more quickly. Larger sizes will also be hardier and more resistant to cold temperatures. All plants are grafted onto C-35 citrange rootstock which provides good cold tolerance and good production on slightly dwarfed trees.
Important Note: When you check out, click on the Pay with PayPal link. Once there you can use a PayPal account or simply pay with your Visa or MC and PayPal will process the transaction for us. When using your Visa or MC you do not need a PayPal account.
Local Customers: You will be emailed in advance with the exact date when your order will be ready for pick-up. We are estimating mid May. Pre-orders are held for 4 weeks after which time your plants are returned to general inventory and you will be given a credit at the nursery. No refunds are given.
Canadian Mail Order Customers: These Citrus will not be offered on our official mail order site in 2020. If you would like to place an order, please do so here with a minimum $40 in plants. Orders will be shipped between late May and early June. This is our busiest shipping period of the year. We will do our best to ship your order as soon as possible but citrus orders will have to be fit into our main shipping schedule. In general, citrus do not pack well with other plants so if you have other orders placed with us for other plants, they are unlikely to be able to ship together. Still, you can let us know if you have other orders placed with us. We may be able to ship together. However, if your other plants are not ready we cannot hold citrus to wait for your other plants.
Our pre-orders are administered in a separate system from our mail order site which cannot quote exact shipping rates. We expect a shipment of 1-3 one gallon or band pot citrus would cost about $30-$50 depending on how many plants you choose and how far you are from BC. Quite distant or very rural locations will cost at the upper end of the scale. Orders greater than 3 plants would cost incrementally more as weight and box sizes increase. Please note that we do not make money on shipping and charge only to cover our costs. Also, if you require shipping, we recommend you choose the one gallon and band pot sizes. The 3 gallon plants can be shipped but please be advised that, due to the volume required, these shipments will cost more to ship.
In order to streamline the shipping process for the upcoming season, all mail order customers will be asked to provide full address information and a shipping deposit of $50. Once your citrus have shipped, we will either refund the remainder of your deposit if the shipping is less or send you a PayPal money request if the shipping is more which you can pay with a credit card or PayPal account. We expect that in most cases we will be refunding a portion of your deposit. However, citrus can be difficult to pack and often require large boxes. We will do our best with packing your citrus.