Meet the Hardy Citrus
‘Owari’ is a satsuma mandarin orange that is hardy outdoors in coastal BC! Plants form lush, tropical-looking, evergreen shrubs to 5-8 ft tall, bloom with white, incredibly fragrant flowers, and produce excellent crops of sweet, juicy, seedless fruit just like you buy in boxes at the supermarket but these you can pick off your very own tree at Christmas time with crops ripening from early December into February!
This is a picture of Phoenican Larry’s ‘Owari’ satsuma in his garden in Richmond, BC taken in early December 2015. Fruit are still showing a little green but will continue to turn completely orange by Christmas.
A shot of Larry’s tree in Richmond, BC taken in early December 2015 with some supplemental lighting. His tree is planted in the middle of the garden on the outside south facing wall of his greenhouse. This location will be a warmer microclimate in his garden but the plant is still exposed to the full brunt of winter cold snaps and shrugs them off.
Yuzu Ichandrin – Yuzu is prized in Japan for flavoring, juice and preserves producing abundant, easy-to-peel, 3 inch diametre fruit with tasty, lemon-lime flavour. It has also become a hot item for foodies in North America. This Citrus is super hardy to about minus 18 degrees Celsius and can be easily grown outdoors in coastal BC year round. Zone 7.
Sudachi – Sudachi is a cross of a mandarin orange and yuzu. Sudachi, like yuzu, is prized in Japan for culinary pursuits. The unique, spicy juice is used to flavour soups, sauces (including ponzu), fish dishes, ice cream, and other desserts. The fruit is golf ball sized and is usually picked green when the flavour is more pronounced but can also be harvested once fruit changes to orange-yellow. Higher in vitamin C than lemons. Perfectly hardy in coastal BC down to zone 7!
‘Nagami’ Kumquat – Kumquats are not well known in North America yet they are a citrus forming delicious, small, egg-shaped fruits 1-2 inches long that have a thin rind and are eaten whole, skin and all. The rind has a sweet/tart flavour and the flesh is sweet giving an overall refreshing and thirst quenching experience. The ‘Nagami’ kumquat is hardy to zone 8 and can be grown year round in coastal BC. It produces large crops, is very ornamental, and can be allowed to grow as an open shrub or trimmed to keep tight, even as a hedge in protected locations.
‘Centennial’ Variegated Kumquat – A variegated sport of the ‘Nagami’ kumquat. Eat the orange and green striped fruits peel and all. Should be hardy in coastal BC to zone 8 though, due to being variegated, it won’t likely have quite the same hardiness as ‘Nagami’.
‘Nordmann’ Seedless ‘Nagami’ Kumquat – Kumquats are eaten peel and all for a sweet-tart combo. Heavy producer of small, seedless oblong fruits. Hardy in coastal BC. Zone 8.
AND we are watching relatively new players that are potentially hardy in coastal BC: a mandarin ‘Gold Nugget’ and the orangequat ‘Nippon’.
Explore our Full List of Citrus
In addition to the hardy cultivars, we have a full range of classics and rare cultivars for your citric pleasure. Here is our full selection of citrus for 2020:
AUSTRALIAN FINGER LIME – Microcitrus australasica – Foodies take note! Dark purple fruits hold green “citrus caviar” – juicy capsules bursting with lemon-lime flavour. Zone 10.
BERGAMOT – Citrus bergamia – Tea lovers take note! The rind is famed as the flavouring for Earl Grey and Lady Grey tea. Zone 9.
CALAMONDIN – Citrofortunella mitis ‘Variegata’ – Known as calamondin, calamansi, or Philippine lime, this heavy-fruiting hybrid is most often used as an ornamental in North America. But amongst Filipinos this is a beloved fruit used throughout their cuisine in fish, chicken, and pork dishes, with spring rolls and dumplings, and in beverages, marmalades, and desserts. This is the variegated form. Zone 10.
CALAMONDIN – Citrofortunella mitis – Known as calamondin, calamansi, or Philippine lime, this heavy-fruiting hybrid is most often used as an ornamental in North America. But amongst Filipinos this is a beloved fruit used throughout their cuisine in fish, chicken, and pork dishes, with spring rolls and dumplings, and in beverages, marmalades, and desserts. Zone 10.
CITRON – Citrus medica ‘Assads’ (Kosher Etrog) – Fragrant lemon-like fruit with thick peel is used for the Jewish Feast of the Tabernacles (Sukhot). ‘Assads’ is a selection from Morocco dating back at least 2000 years. Our plants have been grown only from own-root cuttings or seed for 2000 years and so are Kosher. Zone 9.
CITRON – Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis ‘Buddha’s Hand’ – A striking oddity like a lemon with fingers. Use the rind like orange peel as a flavouring. Zone 9.
GRAPEFRUIT – Citrus ‘Cocktail’ – Very juicy, bright yellow fruit. Sweet-tart flavour. Actually a hybrid of a pummelo and a mandarin but most similar to a grapefruit. Zone 9.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Centennial’ – POSSIBLY HARDY. Variegated version of the ‘Nagami’ kumquat. Eat the yellow and green striped fruits peel and all. Potentially hardy in coastal BC. Zone 8-9?
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Marumi’ – Similar to the ‘Nagami’ except with much smaller leaves and more round shaped fruit. The peel is also slightly thinner and sweeter. Diminutive and highly ornamental, the Marumi is rarely found outside of China and Japan. Zone 9.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Meiwa’ – Fruit is more round than ‘Nagami’, with a bit more sweetness. Good candied or in marmalade. Produces best in hotter microclimates. Zone 9.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Nagami’ – HARDY. Kumquats are eaten peel and all for a sweet-tart combo. Heavy producer of small oblong fruits. Hardy in coastal BC. Zone 8.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella japonica ‘Nordmann’ Seedless ‘Nagami’ – HARDY. Kumquats are eaten peel and all for a sweet-tart combo. Heavy producer of small, seedless oblong fruits. Hardy in coastal BC. Zone 8.
KUMQUAT – Fortunella obovata ‘Fukushu’ (Changshou) – Considered by some to be the best of the kumquats for eating with large fruit with great tart/sweet contrast in flavour. Lovely rounded leaves.
LEMON – Citrus limetta ‘Pomona’ Sweet Lemon – Eureka-type but with less thorns. Sweet, juicy fruits with low acid. Potentially hardy in coastal BC having survived freezes to -9 C. Zone 8b-9a?
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Eureka’ – Fruit quite similar to ‘Lisbon’ with less to few thorns and more open foliage with classic tart and acidic lemon flavour and few seeds. Good year-round producer. Somewhat more resistant to cold than ‘Eureka’ once established. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Genoa’ – Similar to the familiar ‘Eureka’ lemon but hardier. An Italian cultivar with vigorous, compact growth perfect for container culture, great production, and good cold tolerance. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Lisbon’ – One of the most popular of all lemons with classic acidity and flavour and few seeds. Fruit quite similar to ‘Eureka’. Thornier, dense foliage. Good year-round producer and beautiful purple new growth. Somewhat more resistant to cold than ‘Eureka’ once established. An heirloom cultivar likely from Portugal. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Santa Teresa’ Feminello – The most popular of Italian lemons. Highly productive with medium sized fruit with a characteristic nipple at the end. High acid content perfect for making limoncello. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus limon ‘Variegated Pink’ (Eureka) – Distinctive green and yellow variegated foliage and fruit are highly ornamental. Lemons have pink flesh, clear juice and acidic lemon flavour. Fuchsia coloured new growth and flower buds. Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus New Zealand ‘Lemonade’ – Mixologists take note! A sweet, juicy lemon hybrid with a distinct flavour of lemonade! Black branches. (C. limon x C. reticulata) Zone 9.
LEMON – Citrus x meyeri ‘Improved Meyer’ – One of the easiest and most popular citrus to grow. Can bloom and fruit year-round. Deep yellow lemons are very juicy and less acidic than regular lemons with nice sweetness. A hybrid cross of C. limon (lemon) and C. reticulata (mandarin orange). Zone 9.
LIME – Citrus aurantifolia ‘Mexican Key Lime’ – The classic flavouring for key lime pie. Aromatic, flavourful, greenish-yellow fruit. Easy to grow. Can produce year-round. Zone 10.
LIME – Citrus aurantifolia ‘Thornless Key Lime’ – The classic flavouring for key lime pie. Aromatic, flavourful, greenish-yellow fruit. Easy to grow and no thorns! Can produce year-round. Zone 10.
LIME – Citrus hystrix Makrut/Kieffer Thai Lime – Foodies take note! Very fragrant leaves and bumpy fruit are both used in Asian cooking. This tree will revolutionize your stir fries and curries especially Thai, Lao, Cambodian, Vietnamese, Indonesia, Burmese, Malaysian, and South Indian dishes. Zone 10.
LIME – Citrus latifolia ‘Bearss Lime’ – Large limes almost as big as a lemon, seedless, very juicy. Zone 9.
LIME – Citrus latifolia ‘Tahitian’ – A nearly seedless lime with thin skin, good juiciness and acidity and true lime flavour producing good crops. Zone 9.
LIME – Citrus limettioides ‘Palestinian Sweet Lime’ – Round, medium-sized juicy yellow fruit. Has less sugar and acid than the Bearss Lime. Similar to sweet limes from Mexico, which also originated from the Mediterranean. With its mild flavor and few seeds, it makes a refreshing, cooling drink. Zone 9.
LIME – Citrus x limonia ‘Rangpur’ Red Lime – Tart reddish orange fruit is used like lime although it is a sour Mandarin from India from a cross of a mandarin and a lemon often called a Rangpur lime or a red lime. The overlap of prolific fruit and purple tinged blooms make this a wonderful ornamental tree. Popular in mixed drinks or simply sliced for iced tea. Zone 9.
LIMEQUAT – Citrofortunella ‘Eustis’ – This hybrid of a lime and a kumquat has prolific crops of flavourful, oblong, lime-like fruit on lovely ornamental plants. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘California Honey’ – A real collector’s item for citrus fans, ‘California Honey’ is not commercially grown so to taste this amazing cultivar, you’ll have to grow it yourself. It ranks as one of the best tasting of all mandarins with great, juicy flesh, intense sweetness, fragrant aroma, and a flavour like spiced honey. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus unshiu ‘China Satsuma S-2’ – Nice round, sweet, easy-to-peel fruit and good cold hardiness. Introdcued from China in the 1990s. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus unshiu ‘China Satsuma S-6’ – Nice round, sweet, easy-to-peel fruit. Introdcued from China in the 1990s. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus clementina ‘Clementine’ (Algerian tangerine) – The popular ‘Clementine’ ripens in the spring with small, sweet fruit with a bright flavour. Provide a pollinator for best fruit production. Good cold tolerance. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Dancy’ – The best known tangerine ripening in winter and popular at Chinese New Year. The deep orange red skin is thin and easy to peel. The fruit is sweet and juicy. Fine foliage and nice, upright habit. Some cold tolerance. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Gold Nugget’ – POSSIBLY HARDY. Fruit is seedless, richly flavoured and easy to peel. Remarkably frost tolerant trees begin bearing in March. Unlike many other mandarins, fruit holds well on the tree through summer. Said to be one of the best tasting mandarins in the world. Zone 8b/9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Kinnow’ – A heavy-producing, spring-ripening cultivar with vigorous, attractive upright growth, lovely willow-like foliage, and sweet, juicy, easy-to-peel fruit though it does have some seeds. A major commercial variety from the Punjab and Pakistan where trees can produce 1000 fruits each! Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus kinokuni ‘Kishu’ – An early-ripening Japanese cultivar that produces before ‘Owari’. The golf ball-sized fruit is complex in flavour with great sweetness and a touch of tart. It is also seedless and easy to peel. The fruit is soft and supple so it doesn’t travel well and thus is not commercially grown. The only way to taste the deliciousness of ‘Kishu’ mandarins is to grow them yourself! Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Kuno Wase’ – Abundant early-ripening crops of sweet, thin skinned, easy to peel, bright orange fruit that are great for fresh eating. Good cold tolerance. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘USDA 88-2’/Lee x Nova/’Super Nova’ – An early-ripening seedless mandarin with medium to large, rich, juicy, and tasty fruit. Easy to peel. Zone 9.
MANDARIN – Citrus unshiu ‘Owari’ – HARDY in coastal BC. Harvest great crops of very sweet satsuma mandarins from Dec-Feb. Zone 8.
MANDARIN – Citrus reticulata ‘Pixie’ – Small, sweet, seedless mandarins are easy to peel. Requires less heat to ripen than other varieties. Zone 9.
MANDARINQUAT – Citrofortunella ‘Indio’ – A kumquat-mandarin hybrid with large, pear-shaped fruit with sweet peel and tart flesh eaten together for a cool taste sensation. Zone 9.
NAVEL ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Fukumoto’ – Early ripening navel orange with reddish-orange skin and sweet, juicy flavour. Less vigorous, compact growth so good for containers. Zone 9.
NAVEL ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Washington’ – California’s famous winter-ripening navel orange perfect for orange juice and fresh eating. Sweet, seedless fruit ripens in ten months. A great variety for indoor growing. Zone 9.
BLOOD ORANGE – Citrus sinensis ‘Tarocco #7’ – Largest of the blood oranges and among the most delicious. Deep orange skin, deep red flesh. Sweet and tart. Nearly seedless. Cool winters bring on the deepest red colours of the flesh. Zone 9.
SOUR ORANGE – Citrus myrtifolia ‘Chinotto’ – Dense foliage, profuse fragrant flowers, bright orange fruit used for candying, marmalades or juice. Zone 9.
SOUR ORANGE – Citrus x aurantium ‘Seville’ – Tart fruit perfect for marmalade and juice. Tons of fragrant flowers, beautiful dark green foliage. More cold hardy than normal oranges. Zone 9.
TANGELO – Citrus x tangelo ‘Minneola’ – A mandarin-grapefruit hybrid that produces deep reddish-orange, bell-shaped fruit in winter with a rich tangerine-like flavour, especially if fruit are left to hang and fully ripen. Zone 9.
TANGELO – Citrus x tangelo ‘Pearl’ – A mandarin-grapefruit hybrid that produces deep orange, bell-shaped fruit in winter with tender, juicy fruit with a pleasant sweetness and more grapefruit-like flavour than other tangelos. Nice willow-like foliage. Zone 9.
TANGELO – Citrus x tangelo ‘Wekiwa’ – A mandarin-grapefruit hybrid that produces abundant, large, delicious fruits that look like a small grapefruit. They are sweet with a hint of tartness with amber-pink flesh. Best for fresh eating or juice. Trees remain compact but with great production. Zone 9.
TRIFOLIATE ORANGE – Poncirus trifoliata ‘Monstrosa’/’Flying Dragon’ – An extremely hardy, ornamental citrus with intriguing branches contorting into zigzags and corkscrews. Lightly fragrant flowers produce small orange fruit in the fall which are gorgeous through winter. The fruit are very acidic and seedy but are edible with a lemony flavour. Use them to make marmalade. Zone 5.
YUZU – Citrus junos (Yuzu Ichandrin) – HARDY. Foodies take note! Prized in Japan for flavouring dishes and desserts, for juice and for preserves. Abundant crops of 3″ fruits with a tasty, lemon-lime flavour. Hardy in coastal BC potentially to -18 C. Zone 7.
SUDACHI (HYBRID YUZU) – Citrus sudachi (Sudachi Ichandrin) – HARDY. Foodies take note! A cross between a mandarin and yuzu prized in Japan and Peru to flavour soups, fish dishes, desserts, and ponzu sauce. Hardy in coastal BC. Zone 7.
The citrus are available in different sizes though not all citrus are available in all sizes. What you see on our order page is what will be available in 2020. The sizes (from smallest to largest) and prices are:
- One Gallon – Young plants that are usually about 1 foot high with some branching beginning. Price: $41.99.
- Band Pots – These are tall, square pots 4″x4″x9″ in size. Plants tend to be 1-2 feet tall, sometimes more, with good branching. Price: $59.99.
- Three Gallon – Established plants are usually 2 feet tall or more with excellent branching. Price: $74.99.
All sizes are capable of flowering and fruiting, though the larger sizes will produce more flowers and fruit more quickly. Upgrading to a larger size gets you 1-2 years more growth and that much closer to great crops. Larger sizes will also be hardier and more resistant to cold temperatures. All plants are grafted onto C-35 citrange rootstock which provides good cold tolerance and good production on semi-dwarf trees.